di Maddalena Celano
Il Plan Colombia fu il principale strumento politico, delle élite colombiane e degli USA, per posizionarsi egemonicamente nel conflitto armato, cercando di subordinare le azioni di qualsiasi altro attore disposto a giocare propri interessi in Colombia. Di conseguenza, un’analisi più accurata di questo evento, ci consente di spiegare meglio le relazioni che intercorrono tra Colombia e Venezuela.
Since hybrid warfare attempts to defeat a nation’s will, a comprehensive information effort is necessary to: generate effects for military operations; isolate the adversary diplomatically; and maintain international support for the military campaign. Shaping to prevent war must involve coordinating our narrative; enunciating the ramifications of conflict to hybrid threats; establishing information conduits into conflict areas; and collaborating with joint, interagency, intergovernmental, and multinational partners. Some of the IO techniques may appear tactical; however, the strategic information environment can be significantly altered by or through a single tactical event. Technical enablers such as Electronic Warfare and Cyber activities are also critical to combating hybrid threats, as is controlling how adversaries view our operations through use of Operations Security and Military Deception. In many ways, “the mission” is the message.