di Isabella M. Lo Presti
L’ordinamento spagnolo rappresenta di fatto una realtà minoritaria in un panorama di democrazie occidentali europee che hanno optato per escludere dalle carte fondamentali la preventiva predisposizione di regimi giuridici derogatori per gli stati d’emergenza e la specifica ipotesi dell’emergenza terroristica.
The Spanish System represents a minor reality in a context in which Western European Democracies have opted to exclude from their Constitutions the preventive provision of the so-called state of emergency and the specific case of terrorism. After all, the events that affected Spain are well-known. Since many years, Spain has been active in the conflict against the Basque Terrorism and the democratic dilemmas, because of the presence in the Parliament of parties linked to the terrorist group Eta. And exactly the well-known Ley organic sobre los partidos políticos 6/2002, which outlawed the Batasuna Party and other political organizations connected to the Eta group.
Therefore, in the Spanish System the article 55, II clause, as well as the legislation related to the political parties tagged as anti-system, represent the fundamental profiles of peculiarity in the field of anti-terrorism legislation. Nevertheless, through this article we will try to demonstrate that the distinctive characteristic in the Spanish discipline does not lie on the provision of extraordinary measures in the Constitution. Instead, the main point is that this phenomenon has been disciplined by a legislation deliberately “fabricated” for a specific subject: Eta.