Subcultures. State of the Art and Future Perspectives in Sociology

di Uliano Conti

According to a generally accepted definition of the term, some social groups define themselves as being “sub” cultures to differentiate themselves from a mainstream group.


The article considers if the concept of subculture can still be used in sociology. This paper shows that subcultural perspective constitutes a recent point of view for the analysis of the phenomenon of jihadist terrorism involving native Europeans. A history of the concept will be considered along with theoretical perspectives with reference to explanatory factors of subcultural membership. Socio-economic condition, cultural identity, housing placement and social control are explanatory factors of classical studies on subcultures. Issues of post‐modernity and the evolution of ICT will also be considered. The aim is to consider the complex social framework and to define the sometimes dangerous contemporary role of subcultural membership.

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